The UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is a multilateral treaty. The Convention entered into force on 29 December 1993 and has 3 main objectives:
- The conservation of biodiversity.
- The sustainable use of the components of biodiversity.
- The fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources.
The Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (SCBD), based in Montreal, Canada, was established to support the goals of the CBD, and operates under the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
The CBD has two supplementary agreements: The Cartagena Protocol and The Nagoya Protocol.
The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity is an international treaty governing the movements of living modified organisms (LMOs) resulting from modern biotechnology from one country to another. It entered into force on 11 September 2003.
The Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization (ABS) to the Convention on Biological Diversity entered into force on 12 October 2014. It provides a transparent legal framework for the implementation of the third objective, the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources, thereby contributing to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.
In support of the CBD, 5W Foundation is committed to strengthening biodiversity conservation.
We will endeavor to do this through assisting all the initiatives and projects we support in achieving conservation outcomes in line with CBD objectives.
. . . . .